Most lose herbs can be ignited by applying flame directly to the herbs and blowing on the lit area. Herbs and resins may also be lit with the use of a charcoal wafer that is placed in the bottom of your smudge pot. Once lit direct the somke around yourself, another person, or in your place of ceremony by using a fan feather, or your hand. The smoke from burning herbs or resin is sent out with your prayers, for purification, and as an invocation honoring the four directions, the father son and the mother earth. ("Father-Mother God"). Native Americans have been burning Herbs and resins in ceremonies for generations.